Great Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world and the largest European island. With a population of 61.6 million people (UN, 2009) it is the third most populated island on Earth. Great Britain is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands and islets.

Politically, Great Britain may also refer to the island itself together with a number of surrounding islands which comprise the territory of England, Scotland and Wales. All of the island is territory of the sovereign state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Most of the United Kingdom's territory is in Great Britain.

The term Great Britain is the traditional short form of the full country title The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island of Great Britain as are their respective capital cities: London, Edinburgh, and Cardiff.

The Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland with the Acts of Union in 1707 under Queen Anne. In 1801, under a new Act of Union, this kingdom merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After the Irish War of Independence, most of Ireland seceded from the Union.

Birmingham

Birmingham

Devon

Devon

Dorset

Dorset

London

London

Shropshire

Shropshire

The Lake District

The Lake District

Wales

Wales

Worcestershire

Worcestershire